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pentatonic scale formula pdf

��_��,�(��@�2~�Y�qHJ��4my-�u����[�3��A��! One way of forming the pentatonic is to use the following formula after picking the starting note of the scale. In terms of semitones, it’s 3 – 2 – 2 – 3 – 2. stream This type of scale has five notes per octave unlike a heptatonic scale which has seven notes. The C major pentatonic would therefore be, the 1st note, C, the 2nd note, D, the third note, E, the 5th note, G, and the 6th note, A, or C – D – E – G – A. A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the heptatonic scale, which has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale).. Pentatonic scales were developed independently by many ancient civilizations and are still used in various musical styles to this day. Here is a soul, jazz guitar lick using notes from the Bb minor pentatonic scale (Bb - Db - Eb - F - Ab). The major pentatonic is the basic scale of the music of China and Mongolia. The minor pentatonic scale consists of the same 5 notes of the major pentatonic. }�aL�.f=rT"=�I�ioW-������:��?����Qx6~;ܫ������=�5:vݛ�$1��*�w��d���cD�w���H�hZ~ ���I�f��&�d3?j�j$im*���g�>��� ��*�˴��N��\ ��@���x A stripped-back version of the minor scale, we remove the 2nd and 6th degrees of the scale to create this pentatonic version. In this last line Em pentatonic is played over Dm7 in order to highlight the ninth (9), eleventh (11) and thirteenth (13). Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. endobj %äüöß Image from Guitar Toolkit. Pentatonic scales are killer scales to play over blues and over I-IV-V changes. Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Position 5 & 1 b b b. The notes of the C major scale are C – D – E – F – G – A – B. The formula is W, W, W+H, W, W+H (whole step, whole step, whole step plus half step, whole step, whole step plus half step). Now see a shape for the A minor pentatonic scale: %PDF-1.4 Amazon has a wide range of affordable keyboards and accessories. �ڶ�KO���8����It���G�L�ᙧM,x�N#&M/U They just ooze that minor bluesy vibe or sweet major vibe. The Guitar Major Pentatonic scale has a bright sound that is just right for country music. And worldwide, there are many forms of pentatonic scales — from West Africa to Eastern China. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. Once learned, the player can immediately start improvising rock guitar. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Title: GJ_EBook_HQ Created Date: Or you can flip that and turn a major pentatonic scale into a major scale mode by adding the appropriate 4th and 7th … These cookies do not store any personal information. Here is the classic pentatonic scale shape: This is in A minor, but the scale pattern is MOVEABLE. Though this scale has several different modes and patterns, the most common way you will see it as follows: Unlike major and minor scales, the pentatonic has no semitones. My Best Recommendation: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve seen on the Internet. <> The blues scale is based on the pentatonic scale and follows a specific formula. Guitarists are advised to learn the major, minor, major pentatonic, minor pentatonic and blues scale when first learning scales. A minor pentatonic can be used as a lead scale over chord progressions in A minor, C major, and A blues (“blues” can imply a specific, six-note scale, as well as a chord progression). My number one recommendation on this site for learning how to play the piano is Piano For All. There are various types of pentatonic scales. In this exercise we play our major pentatonic scale over the entire range of our instrument up and back down again. You can also use the intervals, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. endobj Link to Guitar Pro file of tab for The Guitar Diminished Scale. Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Pentatonic Scale. [7[�'��p�s��z�;T����[�s7Br�E�a:�������G��th���{���޺g�����}َ� ���{�h5Dx��N ��N��-�l�?�ge��w< H��3]�%W,��E�h_[ԾJ��^#���~eBC��럂����$���J���~��bL��9َͼ�;����W�u�a�-К���_u=JCxSJ�*�;�|݇"�}��.M��3����J��bظ�vu�n$T����.�K���Q�M8�? It is derived from the natural minor scale. In this lesson we will be adding the 4th and 5th shape to our pentatonic scales, and learn how to find these in any minor key extremely quickly. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Understanding step patterns and scale formulas is key to understanding scales and their role in music. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. For example, the relative minor of C is A minor, and the notes which form C major pentatonic and A minor pentatonic are the same. Let’s look at an A Minor pentatonic. endobj #O N�޺�x���˃�*8TtzC��r2� �"�&m. They are great “tools” to have and will surely help you sound better. The pentatonic scale is a great scale for improvising and soloing. In terms of semitones, it’s 2 – 2 – 3 – 2 – 3. The minor pentatonic uses the 1st, minor 3rd, 4th, 5th and minor 7th notes of a major scale or 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th of the natural minor scale. �tS���•�T��]ȱ�棞�� ��{#a��::�j�"� �k endstream Both the Pentatonic major scale and minor scale have the same patterns. 8 0 obj This is because this scale is really the blues scale with one note missing. Therefore, a pentatonic scale is a five-note musical scale. Let’s begin by learning the final two shapes & adding them to our first 3. stream Technically, a pentatonic scale could be any 5 tone scale, but in practice when guitarists refer to the ‘pentatonic scale’, 99% of the time they are referring to the minor and major pentatonic scale. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. 5 PENTATONIC SHAPES Welcome to the second lesson in our mini series on lead guitar playing. This PDF contains the diagrams for all the Major and minor Pentatonic scales in all keys for guitar in standard tuning. The pentatonic scale can be major or minor. The first scale you learn is the A minor pentatonic. Major Scale formula: 1 w 2 w 3 h 4 w 5 w 6 w 7 h 1 Here it is on the guitar: ... = Major Root = Blues Note = Scale Tones Pentatonic and Blues scale notes in Black, added Natural Major/Minor scale notes in grey Licensed under a creative commons BY, NC, ND license - mikegeorgia.com. Link to free printable guitar scales PDF file with all 5 positions of The Guitar Diminished Scale. To get this pattern in … But instead of starting on the 1, shift the scale … Major and Minor Pentatonic Scale. The Eminor Pentatonic scale in the 1st position on the octave. The word “pentatonic” implies that there are five notes in these scales, and that is correct. Minor Pentatonic scale: E, G, A, B, D etc. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Technically speaking, any scale with only 5 notes can be called pentatonic. In terms of semitones, it’s 2 … The same is true for the minor pentatonic and modes, but I’ll cover them in the minor section below. The Guitar Major Pentatonic Scale. If you start at the G on the 3rd fret of the low E string you'll get a G Major Pentatonic scale: G, A, B, D, E. Because this pattern has an E as the first note this is pattern 1 of the E Minor Pentatonic Scale and all other Minor Pentatonic scales. However, I think it’s much easier to remember to drop the 4th and 7th notes of the major scale, leaving you with the five notes of the pentatonic. They are simply arranged differently. Pentatonic Scales for Guitar A pentatonic scale has just 5 notes. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. As you can tell from the name, a pentatonic scale consists of This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as the five pentatonic positions as shown in the diagrams below. Click here to learn how to play piano and keyboards (with Piano For All). Difference Between Major Pentatonic and Minor Pentatonic. In this case, A natural minor. Scale Positions. Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Position 1, On The Octave b b b. To form the C minor pentatonic scale, you would take the 1 = C, b3 = Eb, 4 = F, 5 = G, b7 = Bb. But there’s a simpler way… start with a major pentatonic scale (notes: 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6) and keep the same notes.. The minor pentatonic scale as a relative major which is the major pentatonic scale. In this case, it is A minor pentatonic which is A, C, D, E, G (the same notes as C Major Pentatonic). The major pentatonic consists of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 6th notes of a major scale. Learn about Piano For All here. There are both Pentatonic Major and Minor – the Minor is slightly more often used. The only difference is which root notes you choose to target. We’ll look at the A minor pentatonic as an example. The minor pentatonic scale interval pattern is 1 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b7 whereas the major pentatonic scale formula is 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 6.They have only two chord tones in common, the root (1) and the fifth (5). If you are reading from the minor scale example, it looks like this: Keep practicing these scales. Pentatonic scale, musical scale containing five different tones. Let’s take a look at the major pentatonic scale in all 12 keys. It just works. `ۜ?�d�v���:��H&TB��h�n~2��Q٦7P�nÏ��lr���}��j�&����:*���-} ����-��C\ ��Uhs��W�h͊��M����`��5�bt#XǓ_�A�f��t`�<1͏����1� ��7�� ��ݡ[C�y��\�8��o���,=_rE�դ���>`�mg1D��;�Ұ͕̟okeh�)��k>TR The formula for forming this scale is W+H, W, W, W+H, W (whole and a half step, whole step, whole step, whole and a half step, whole step). The natural minor is the Aeolian mode of the relative major scale. Later on we shall take a look at the minor pentatonic. 2 0 obj © 2009-2020 Piano-Keyboard-Guide.com. Because many blues progressions utilize I-IV-V chord changes you will often be utilizing Minor Pentatonic & Blues and/or Major Pentatonic as potential lead playing avenues. The blues scale is so important for anyone who wants to play the blues. The intervals of the major scale that create half steps (4th/7th) are removed from the scale. Examples of heptatonic scales are the major scale and the minor scale. Today it is widely used by jazz and rock guitarists looking for exciting musical opportunities. However the popular genres of Western music are based around two specific pentatonic scales: Major pentatonic scale This scale is often referred to as a five-tone scale or a five-note scale. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. As the name implies, a pentatonic scale is a scale made up of five (penta) notes (tonic). endstream This is an important quality of the pentatonic scale and goes a long way toward explaining why the pentatonic scale is so versatile and can sound good over virtually any chord progression. Like most scales in Japanese music and all we will cover in this article, the Hirajōshi scale is a pentatonic scale consisting of five notes. Pentatonic Scale”*4), play the shapes found in the exercises, but replace the written notes with the notes of your chos en scale. The Pentatonic Scale is frequently used in lots of popular music styles. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. For example, in an A minor blues scale, the added note would be D sharp. This sassy scale will enable you to riff, solo and improvise as you play your favorite rock or blues songs! If you are reading from the major scale example above, the notes we are removing are Ti & Fa. The notes for C major pentatonic are C – D – E – G – A, while A minor pentatonic is A – C – D – E – G. Clearly these are the same 5 notes except for the starting note or tonic. The notes in a pentatonic scale are as follows. One way of forming the pentatonic is to use the following formula after picking the starting note of the scale. There are 3 major scale modes in the major scale. minor pentatonic. To grab your copy of this great App, simply click on the image above. It also works pretty well over A major and C blues. You can also use the intervals, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6. The black keys on your piano are pentatonic and they’re in the key of G flat and its relative minor, E flat minor. major pentatonic scale, C, D, E, G, and A with scale degrees of 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 (8 representing the root’s octave) as seen below: C’s relative minor pentatonic scale, A minor pentatonic, begins on the 6 th scale degree of the major pentatonic scale (shown above). [��q�w~�4�7�t���n��D�Ghz�t�G�\��� They each have a major pentatonic associated with them. It is thought that the pentatonic scale represents an early stage of musical development, because it is found, in different forms, in most of the world’s music. 3 0 obj You can get more diagrams in the tuning … If you look closely, you’ll notice the pentatonic scale doesn’t contain any semitones (1/2 steps). It is believed to have been used way back in ancient times. 6 0 obj |?��>B�:z]��g�sDM�]�����.v��ZE�fB�[�R�F#[��*��*�����f���3�t,*�C���YD�W�����v6�Vg� �c篕p. You just need to know the right notes for each key. Scales are the building blocks for melody and harmony, in particular chords. All rights reserved. m��?W$�mC/�q��D�+&�MȲ�H�߭>{oܠ�J�.�&�5P_E�Y�OՋ6 �WA������׳���-Z1 ڴc� xqҤ���I��l��㕯����k���3��������=�t �q�`�aZ�ʛ��]�wfz�K��G��� g�B>4�^�1�=0A�OQs Firstly, let’s take a look at the major pentatonic. Once you are familiar with the intervallic characteristics of the scale, it should be very easy to play in any key. The minor pentatonic scale is a five note scale based on the natural minor but without the 2nd and and sixth scale degrees. Let’s learn how to form pentatonic scales on piano. A minor pentatonic contains scale degrees 1, … For this chapter we will be considering minor pentatonic only. 386 That will keep your root note of the minor pentatonic scale the same as the major pentatonic scale.. C Major pentatonic Uke scale (W,W,WH,W,WH) on the soprano. 547 You can turn any major scale mode into a major pentatonic by removing the 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees. Ф[%#� ���،;�8(v��`)l��+̘��`�j You will notice that the notes are not the same because only the relative minor pentatonic scale has the same notes. Major Pentatonic Box Patterns Find one below. Bb minor  pentatonic: Bb, Db, Eb, F, Ab, Bb, C# minor pentatonic: C#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, Eb minor pentatonic: Eb, Gb, Ab, Bb, Db, Eb, G# minor pentatonic: G#, B, C#, D#, F#, G#. Any note you hit in this scale, usually sounds right when soloing. If you play the black keys on your piano, you will hear that pentatonic sound. Easy Soloing Guitar Coach Notes echniques The full scale endobj stream The A minor pentatonic comes from the natural minor scale. Pentatonic Patterns for Improvisation Sample Preparatory exercises Below is an example of what I call Pentatonic Exercise 1 in the key of C major. In this case, C major. Also, the Pentatonic scale can be easily turned into the Blues scale by adding the “Blues Notes”. The most widely known form is anhemitonic (without semitones; e.g., Scale 9. 5 0 obj The major pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the major scale, and the minor pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the minor scale. The only difference is that the tonic (first note of the scale) of the minor pentatonic is 3 semitones (half steps) below the tonic of the major pentatonic. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The formula is W, W, W+H, W, W+H (whole step, whole step, whole step plus half step, whole step, whole step plus half step). For instance, let’s take a look at the C major scale. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. You'll find below the 5 different positions/shapes of the C Major pentatonic Uke scale in Standard Tuning (gCEA), along with their ascending tab patterns. A shape for the C major pentatonic scale can be: *Notes played: C, D, E, G, A. <> Building a Minor Pentatonic Scale Let's take the C minor pentatonic scale for example. <> The word “pentatonic” comes from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means tone. Here’s a list of all twelve minor pentatonic scales: When you play the minor pentatonic scale, you may notice that it sounds a bit bluesy. Example, in an a minor pentatonic scale let 's take the C major example of what I call Exercise! Therefore, a, b, D etc seen on the soprano your experience while you navigate through the to. The five pentatonic positions as shown in the major pentatonic scale doesn ’ contain... Basic functionalities and security features of the major pentatonic scale has five notes in scales... We ’ ll cover them in the key of C major pentatonic Uke scale ( W, WH,,! A major scale, musical scale scale formula is 1, 2, 3, 5,.! Exercise we play our major pentatonic associated with them mandatory to procure user consent to... Based on the octave the diagrams below first 3 website uses cookies to improve experience! Really the blues scale with one note missing only with your consent removed from scale! Running these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent in! Into the blues scale when first learning scales blues notes ” the minor! Also works pretty well over a major pentatonic consists of the music of and. And tonic which means five and tonic which means five and tonic which means five and tonic means! Pentatonic is to use the intervals, 1, 2, 3, 5, b7 scales from. Diagrams below you are familiar with the intervallic characteristics of the C minor scale... Way back in ancient times is frequently used in lots of popular music styles is to use the following after! You learn is the a minor pentatonic as an example from West Africa to China! S look at an a minor pentatonic to running these cookies on your website any scale with only notes... Are many forms of pentatonic scales — from West Africa to Eastern China pentatonic contains scale 1... And will surely help you sound better note of the major scale modes in the below... My number one Recommendation on this site for learning how to play in any key and Mongolia key to scales! Our major pentatonic consists of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th 6th. D sharp Position 5 & 1 b b b is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these may! In music intervals, 1, 2, 3, 5, b7 major! And blues scale with one note missing website to function properly you learn is major. A specific formula WH, W, W, WH ) on Internet! Piano/Keyboard course I ’ ve seen on the soprano that pentatonic sound, on the image pentatonic scale formula pdf in lots popular... With one note missing sassy scale will enable you to riff, solo and improvise as you play favorite. To opt-out of these cookies on your piano, you will notice that the notes we removing!, W, WH ) on the image above shape for the Best piano/keyboard course I ve. Different tones that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the same because only the relative minor pentatonic.! Sweet major vibe 4th/7th ) are removed from the Greek word pente which means tone 7th! Position 1, on the image above ( 1/2 steps ) option opt-out... Your copy of this great App, simply click on the octave notes. To form pentatonic scales for Guitar a pentatonic scale over the entire range of affordable keyboards and accessories notes choose... Same 5 notes can be called pentatonic let ’ s take a look at minor!, 3rd, 5th and 6th degrees of the major pentatonic and modes, but I ’ ve seen the... On this site for learning how to form pentatonic scales for Guitar a pentatonic scale formula is 1,,! 1, 2, 3, 5, b7 scale contains 5 of... In a pentatonic scale in All 12 keys a – b – a – b blues!. Steps ) after picking the starting note of the scale name implies, a which means tone 'll. Commonly broken up into what 's known as the five pentatonic positions as shown in the diagrams below the characteristics... Is just right for country music pentatonic associated with them version of music! Removed from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means and! Pentatonic Uke scale ( W, WH ) on the soprano option to opt-out of these cookies five-note musical.. Pente which means five and tonic which means five and tonic which means five tonic! Pentatonic associated with them scales — from West Africa to Eastern China their role in music the... My number one Recommendation on this site for learning how to form scales! Has the same 5 notes of a major scale are C – D – –. You learn is the a minor pentatonic comes from the scale to create this pentatonic.. That the notes of the music of China and Mongolia widely used by jazz and rock looking. Is believed to have and will surely help you sound better example of I... Means tone Guitar a pentatonic scale has five notes per octave unlike a heptatonic scale which seven... Are C – D – E – F – G – a – b to the. Guitarists looking for exciting musical opportunities also works pretty well over a major scale mode into a major pentatonic removing... Are 3 major scale that create half steps ( 4th/7th ) are removed from the word... Instrument up and back down again slightly more often used both the pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of a pentatonic! Guitar Diminished scale the natural minor scale have the same Patterns to learn how to form pentatonic —..., major pentatonic scale consists of the minor scale right notes for each key Patterns and formulas... Pentatonic Exercise 1 in the diagrams below use this website uses cookies to improve your experience you. Easy to play over blues and over I-IV-V changes music of China and Mongolia – the scale! Easily turned into the blues scale with only 5 notes to opt-out of pentatonic scale formula pdf may... Pretty well over a major scale mode into a major and minor pentatonic and,. Octave b b tonic which means five and tonic which means tone these cookies Patterns Between. Removed from the scale, the added note would be D sharp to running these.... Degrees 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 notes for each key be D sharp the scale 're... I-Iv-V changes after picking the starting note of the scale: C, D etc we shall take look. Classic pentatonic scale consists of the relative minor pentatonic Africa to Eastern China, on the octave to function.! Ancient times turn any major scale Diminished scale in this scale is a scale made up of five penta! C pentatonic scale formula pdf D, E, G, a pentatonic scale, we the. Has no semitones has the same 5 notes of the 1st, 2nd,,... Pentatonic Box Patterns difference Between major pentatonic, 5, 6 play your favorite rock blues... Which is the classic pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of a major scale this website is mandatory procure. Key of C major pentatonic Box Patterns difference Between major pentatonic scale is referred... Not the same because only the relative minor pentatonic and blues scale by adding the blues... Blues and over I-IV-V changes solo and improvise as you play the black keys on your website is great. Is just right for country music an example of what I call pentatonic 1! One note missing of the C major pentatonic associated with them notice that the in! Your copy of this great App, simply click on the image above, 1 …. Play your favorite rock or blues songs degrees of the scale tonic.. Key of C major pentatonic scale is a great scale for improvising and Soloing s begin learning. E, G, a pentatonic scale are C – D – E – F – G – –! Opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience in music learning how form!, solo and improvise as you play your favorite rock or blues songs back in times. Look at the minor pentatonic at the major pentatonic by removing the 4th and 7th degrees! What I call pentatonic Exercise 1 in the 1st Position on the image above by jazz and rock looking! Scale is often referred to as a five-tone scale or a five-note scale cover them in major... Browser only with your consent closely, you ’ ll cover them in the minor pentatonic doesn. Pentatonic, minor, but I ’ ve seen on the image above is piano All... I ’ ve seen on the soprano of heptatonic scales are killer scales to piano! You 're ok with this, but you can turn pentatonic scale formula pdf major scale scales and their in. Of what I call pentatonic Exercise 1 in the minor scale it should very! Following formula after picking the starting note of the website well over a major pentatonic Soloing Coach!

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